Taoism and asian mysticism | Social Science homework help

Question 1

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“Tao” and “Tao te Ching” are only the old Wade-Giles romanization of words actually pronounced 

Select one:

[removed]a. all the answers are right

[removed]b. Dow and I Ching

[removed]c. Dao and Daodejing. 

[removed]d. Dao and Ijing 

[removed]e. all the answers are wrong

Question 2

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Tao, in English, means

Select one:

[removed]a. Fate

[removed]b. Karma

[removed]c. Ren

[removed]d. Reality

[removed]e. None of the other answers 

Question 3

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The Taoist arise in reaction against 

Select one:

[removed]a. the Zhou or Chou dynasty

[removed]b. all of the other answers

[removed]c. The Confucianists

[removed]d. The first Emperor of Qin or Ching 

[removed]e. wu wei

Question 4

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What is the difference between tao jiao and tao jia?

Select one:

[removed]a. Tao Jia is the original taoist philosophy in works like the Tao Te Ching

[removed]b. Tao Jiao is what you’ll find in Taoist temples 

[removed]c. Tao Jiao isn’t mysticism, more like bribing the gods for favors 

[removed]d. Tao Jiao is a superstitious religion made out of Tao Jia hundreds of years later 

[removed]e. All the answers are correct

Question 5

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The Taoist temples

Select one:

[removed]a. venerate Confucius as well as Lao Tzu                                                                                         

[removed]b. none of the other answers are correct 

[removed]c. are nothing but Chinese folk religion, animism, asking the gods for favors 

[removed]d. include shrines where the local gods of the folk religion can be worshipped (asked for favors)

[removed]e. tried to stamp out Chinese folk religion and animism, the belief in spirits everywhere that had to be paid off (“worshipped”)  

Question 6

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“To see the good and not to do it is cowardice” was said by 

Select one:

[removed]a. Both Confucius and Lao Tzu

[removed]b. Lao Tzu

[removed]c. Mo Tzu 

[removed]d. Nobody, it’s in the I Ching

[removed]e. Confucius

Question 7

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“Wu wei” is 

Select one:

[removed]a. all the answers are right

[removed]b. “Actionless activity”– the difficult thing we do when we sit still, do nothing and meditate 

[removed]c. the opposite of Confucian activism

[removed]d. the way Taoists believe they can best influence the world– by example, not by interfering, but by role modeling like Gandhi (a Hindu) 

[removed]e. the main Taoist practice

Question 8

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Lao Tzu is pronounced

Select one:

[removed]a. Lao TTT’zu, both first tone

[removed]b. To rhyme with wu wei, for mystical purposes 

[removed]c. It’s never pronounced out loud, just as the Jews chose four letters to symbolize God 

[removed]d. Lao Zih, just like the “zih” sound at the end of Kong Fu Zi. In English it was spelled funny, that’s all. 

[removed]e. Lao Su, like the English name Sue

Question 9

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In the West, the other Taoist we read is Chuang Tse, best known for

Select one:

[removed]a. “Ruling a kingdom is like cooking a small fish.” 

[removed]b. None of the other answers

[removed]c. His battle with Lao Tzu over wu wei

[removed]d. His joking insight, “Do not piss into the wind. You will only get a face full of piss.” 

[removed]e. his joking insight that after he had dreamed he was a butterfly, when he woke up, there was actually no way to know if the dream had been reality and now he was a butterfly dreaming he was Chuang Tse 

Question 10

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The Tao Te Ching

Select one:

[removed]a. an anthology of poems, witticisms, angry denunciations, and sayings by the Taoist school attributed to a semi mystical Lao Tzu, the “Old Master” but written by many hands and very contradictory  

[removed]b. older than Confucianism. Confucius himself was awed by it. 

[removed]c. is entirely about mysticism except for the Confucian parts

[removed]d. From the same Zhou Dynasty that gave China the I Ching. 

[removed]e. a collection of Chinese folk religion proverbs to go with the shrines 

Question 11

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Its phrase “the uncarved block” … 

Select one:

[removed]a. Life when we have the good sense to leave it alone and not try for “ren” like Confucius

[removed]b. Nothing. The Tao does not refer to it. 

[removed]c. Everything that is going to happen, whether we like it or not. 

[removed]d. was recognized by hippie physicist Fritoj Capra as referring to something like the “Singularity” before the Big Bang, when the Universe expands into what the Tao Te Ching calls, the “Ten Thousand things”  

[removed]e. None of the answers are right 

Question 12

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When we contemplate the Uncarved Block, in silent meditation, we 

Select one:

[removed]a. come to realize the unity of things, and our unity with the Universe, and for many people a feeling of peace and content comes over us

[removed]b. we are ashamed that we did evil when the Block was good, then remember there is still time to “worship” our family god at the Taoist Temple. 

[removed]c. Come to know Zen and find peace, as opposed to Confucian activism. We become role models and work on the world that way. 

[removed]d. we start to realize that we have sinned by spinning off from Reality and go the Taoist temple sacrifice

[removed]e. Nothing happens because the Uncarved Block was made up by hippie physicists and isn’t in the Tao Te Ching! 

Question 13

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Though all religions aren’t paths to the tops of the same mountain, as you sometimes hear, all mysticism are. Learn one and you can understand them all. What is the typical attitude to words? 

Select one:

[removed]a. Rational arguments won’t help you. You have to do something, wu wei, meditation, and then you’ll start to have the experience. 

[removed]b. People who talk and learn from books like the Confucianists will never have the mystic experience. “Much learning” is just misspent time, mere logic chopping. 

[removed]c. “Anybody who tries to tell you about [mysticism] in words, doesn’t really know.” 

[removed]d. Words tell you only what something is used for. Sit on it, you call it a chair. Write on it, it’s a desk. But about the thing itself, words don’t speak. 

[removed]e. All of the answers are right. 

Question 14

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Mysticism is the opposite of the mysterious and occult. For the occultists, a ‘miracle’ is a violation of the laws of nature, like seeing the Virgin Mary standing on top of a tree. By contrast, 

Select one:

[removed]a. Mystics stick to common sense and study physics about the original universe 

[removed]b. For mystics, a “miracle” IS the laws of nature not violations of it. The miracle to contemplate is existence itself.  

[removed]c. Trick question. Mysticism is part of the occult, and the Great Mystery of why the Tao created the universe

[removed]d. Mystics are too busy with wu wei to talk about violations of the laws of nature, though they respect them all. 

[removed]e. None of the other questions are right. 

Question 15

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Mysticism typically make a distinction between two types of seeing. 

Select one:

[removed]a. Another type is the mystical Vision, capital V, we arrive at during meditation, when we start to become aware of the miracle that anything exists at all.  

[removed]b. None of these are right 

[removed]c. A third type is the Vision that spots the Virgin Mary standing on top of a tree, a religious miracle 

[removed]d. The two statements about useful vision that spots when the light is red, and a higher Vision of existence during or just after meditation– both of those are correct. 

[removed]e. One type is our normal useful vision, which we need to spot a traffic light and see its color correctly. Necessary and useful. 

 

 

 

 

 

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