Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (5th September 1888 – 17th April 1975) was a distinguished Indian scholar who also served as the first vice President and the second President of India. He had been awarded many scholarships throughout his career and taught in many prestigious institutes and universities including the Oxford University. His specialty was Hindu philosophy and he played a vital role of introducing Hinduism to the western world, for which he was, also known as a bridge builder between India and western world.
Dr. Radhakrishnan was awarded many awards in his life time including the Bharat Ratna in 1954; the British Order of Merit in 1963; first person to get Sahitya Akademi fellowship in 1968 and the Templeton Prize in 1975. He was also nominated for Nobel Prize in literature and Nobel peace prize for sixteen and eleven times respectively. His birth day on 5th September is also celebrated as Teachers Day in India.
Long and Short Essay on Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan in English
We are providing below short and long essay on Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan in English. The essays have been written in simple language to make it easy for the school going students to memorize it and present it when needed.
After reading these Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Essay you will know about the life and achievements of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan; his distinguished appeal to the students and his popularity as a teacher and also as a President.
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Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Essay 1 (100 words)
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a famous teacher. He was born in 1888 on 5th of September in the poor Brahmin family at Tirutani, Madras, India. Later in his life he became a first Vice President and second President of the country. He was a good philosopher, person, idealist, teacher and a famous author.
He was a man of vision, mission and principles who performed role of an Executive Head of India. He was a great personality of the country, the birthday of whom is being celebrated as the Teacher’s day in India. He was the man of honour whom we still remember by celebrating teacher’s day.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Essay 2 (150 words)
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5th of September in 1888 at Tirutlani (currently in Andhra Pradesh), India. He was a famous teacher and became one of the most respected scholars and statesmen of the India. He took birth in the poor Brahmin family. He was very good in the academic area and taught philosophy in universities of Andhra, Mysore and Calcutta. He also became a professor at Oxford. Because of his good academic career he became a Chancellor at Delhi University and vice-chancellor at Benares Hindu University.
He wrote many books to popularize Indian traditions as well as emphasize the establishment of casteless and classless society. He was a good philosopher and supported the modern form of Hinduism. Some of his famous books are The Philosophy of Upanishads, East and West: Some reflections, Eastern Religions and Western thought, and so many. On his birthday anniversary, 5th of September teacher’s day is celebrated to pay him tribute.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Essay 3 (200 words)
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a great person and famous teacher. His birth anniversary is celebrated every year by the students all across the country on 5th of September to pay him tribute forever. It is also celebrated to pay honour to all the teachers of the country for their great and dedicated profession. He was born on 5th of September in 1888 in the poor Brahmin family at Tirutani (40 miles away to the north-east of Madras), South India. The economic condition of his family was very poor so he completed his most of the education with scholarship.
He completed his BA and MA graduation from the Madras University. He wrote a thesis on ethics of the Vedanta under the title “The Ethics of the Vedanta and Its Metaphysical Presuppositions” which later became very famous and published. At Madras Presidency College in 1909, he got appointed to the Department of Philosophy and later became a teacher and Professor of Philosophy at University of Mysore in 1918.
He had represented the University of Calcutta while meeting at Congress of the Universities of the British Empire in 1926 as well as International Congress of Philosophy at Harvard University in 1926. After serving the country with his great works, he passed away on 17th of April 17 in 1975.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Essay 4 (250 words)
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born in 1888 on 5th of September in the Tamil Nadu at Tirutlani, India. He was a great personality and a famous teacher. He did his early education from the Christians Missionary Institution of Tamil Nadu and completed his B.A. and M.A. degrees from the Madras Christian College. He got job as an Assistant Lecturer in Logic at the Madras Presidency College and as a Professor of Philosophy at the University of Mysore. At his 30, he was honoured with King-George V chair of Mental and Moral Science by the Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee (vice-chancellor at Kolkata University).
He became the vice chancellor at Andhra University and later a professor at Oxford University in Eastern Religion and Ethics for three years. He also became the Vice chancellor at Benares Hindu University from 1939 to 1948. He was also a goof author and wrote many articles and books over the Indian tradition, religion and philosophy.
He became the Vice President of India from 1952 to 1962 and President of India from 1962 to 1967 and awarded with the Bharat Ratna in 1954 along with the C. Rajagopalachari and C.V. Raman. He was a great educationalist and humanist that’s why his birthday anniversary is celebrated every year as the Teacher’s Day by the students all over the country to show the love and respect to the teachers.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Essay 5 (300 words)
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a famous teacher and author. He took birth in the poor Brahmin family in Tirutani, India on 5th of September in 1888. The name of his father was Sarvepalli Veeraswami who was doing job in the zamindari at very small salary. The name of his mother was Sitamma. Because of the poor economic status he did his education on scholarships. He successfully completed his schooling from Tirutani and Lutheran Mission School, Tirupati.
He completed his B.A. and M.A. degree in philosophy. He got married at his 16 to the Sivakamuamma. He became an Assistant Lectureship in 1909 at Madras Presidency College. He was well aware with the Upanishads, Brahmasutra, Bhagvad Gita, commentaries of Sankara, Madhava, Ramunuja and well aware with the Buddhist and Jain philosophy.
In his later life, he read philosophical commentaries of the Plato, Kant, Bradley, Plotinus, Bergson, Marxism and Existentialism. He met with the mathematical genius named Srinivasa Ramanujan in 1914 while leaving to the Cambridge for studies in order to seek blessings of Radhakrishnan. He became the Professor of Philosophy at University of Mysore in 1918. He also became a famous author and wrote many articles for journals of repute named as The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore, The Quest, The Reign of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy, the International Journal of Ethics, Journal of Philosophy, etc.
His famous writings had draws the vision of Ashutosh Mookerjee (Vice Chancellor at Calcutta University) and got nominated for the George V Professor of Philosophy at Calcutta University in 1921. He wrote another book named Indian Philosophy on the request made by Prof. J. H. Muirhead for the Library of Philosophy which was published in 1923. His birthday anniversary is getting celebrated every year on 5th of September to honour and pay tribute to his great workings forever. He got died in the 1975 on 17th of April.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Essay 6 (400 words)
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a great person who later became the first Vice President of the India as well as second President of the India. He was also a good teacher, philosopher and author. His birthday is celebrated every year in India on 5th of September as the Teacher’s Day by the students. He was born on 5th of September in 1888 at Tirutani, Madras in a very poor Brahmin family. Because of the poor economic status of his family he studied with the support of scholarships. He got his early education from Gowdie School, Tiruvallur, Lutheran Mission School, Tirupati, Voorhee’s College, Vellore and then Madras Christian College. He was very interested in the Philosophy and completed his B.A. and M.A. degrees in Philosophy.
At the Madras Presidency College, he was assigned as an assistant lectureship in 1909 after completing the MA degree. He had mastered the classics of Hindu philosophy such as Upanishads, Brahmasutra, Bhagvad Gita, commentaries of Sankara, Madhava, Ramunuja, etc. He was also well familiar with the Buddhist and Jain philosophy as well as philosophies of Western thinkers. He became a Professor of Philosophy at University of Mysore in 1918 and soon nominated for Professor of Philosophy at Calcutta University in 1921. In order to deliver lectures on the Hindu philosophy, he was called later to the Oxford University. Through his many hard efforts, he became able to put the Indian Philosophy on the world map.
Later in 1931, he got selected as the Vice Chancellor of Andhra University and Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University in 1939. He also appointed as ambassador to UNESCO in 1946 and ambassador to Soviet Union in 1949. Later he became first Vice-President of the India in 1952 and awarded Bharat Ratna in 1954. After serving the country for two terms as the Vice-President of India, he became President of India in 1962 and retired in 1967. After serving the country through his great works, he died on 17th of April in 1975.
He also won Templeton Prize in 1975 (but he donated the Templeton Prize to Oxford University), Peace Prize of the German Book Trade in 1961, etc. In order to pay him honour forever, university started Radhakrishnan Scholarships in 1989 which was later renamed as Radhakrishnan Chevening Scholarships.
Long Essay on Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan – (600 words)
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (5th September 1888-17th April 1975) was the first Vice President and Second President of India. He was an ideal teacher, great philosopher and Hindu thinker. Due to his superior qualities, the Government of India has conferred to him the highest civilian award “Bharat Ratna”. He was among the first persons in the country to receive this award in 1954, along with C. Rajagopalachari and C.V. Raman. His birthday is on 5th September which is commemorated as “Teacher’s Day” every year across the country.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5 September 1888 in a Brahmin family in Tiruttani village of Madras, Tamil Nadu. His ancestors lived in a village called Sarvepalli; hence, they used the name of the village as their sir name as the common tradition is in south India. His father’s name was Sarvepalli Veeraswamy and mother’s name was Sarvepalli Sita or Sitamma. Radhakrishnan had 4 brothers and 1 sister.
Radhakrishnan was a brilliant student since childhood. He was sent to the Christian missionary institution, Lutheran Mission School. He received his undergraduate education from Madras Christian College, Madras. He obtained his graduation in 1904 with Psychology, History and Mathematics. In 1916 Radhakrishnan did his MA in Philosophy and got a job as Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Madras Residency College.
In those days marriages were held at an early age. In 1903, at the young age of 16, he was married to Sivakamu. At that time his wife was only 10 years old. She had good knowledge of Telugu language. She also knew the English language. In 1908, first daughter was born to the Radhakrishnan couple.
In 1947 Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was made a member of the Constituent Assembly. He also served as the chairman of several world universities.
Tenure as Vice President
Dr Radhakrishnan was appointed as the vice President of Indian Republic by creating a new post under the constitution of India. The decision taken by the contemporary Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru made the people amazed as it was expected that the any leader of Congress Party would be nominated for the post.
Tenure as Second President of India
After the end of Rajendra Prasad’s tenure in 1962, Radhakrishnan took over the charge as President of India and completed his tenure of 5 years. Plato a legend philosopher said that philosophers should be kings and that the Great Indian Republic paid a true tribute to Plato by making a philosopher a president”.
His Birthday as Teacher’s Day
Every year on 5th September his birthday is commemorated as teacher’s day all over the country. Once his disciples and friends met him and expressed their desire to celebrate his birthday. Then he suggested that he would feel proud if his birthday would be celebrated as Teacher’s Day. Students celebrate that day with great joy and zeal and good teachers are honoured.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was died on 17th April, 1975. He was ill since a long time and was bed-ridden. Still the loss of that legend hunts the mind of people. Such personalities are born after a due course of time.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan believed that the greatest gift of life is the dream of a higher life. Death is never the end or hindrance, but the beginning of more and more new steps. This was an irreparable loss to the country.
Because of his incredible contribution in the field of education he will remain in the hearts of Indian People and the world forever. He believed that education and knowledge is the greatest tool for the development of human and the society.
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