themselves Anonymous Africa hacked the Zimbabwe’s defence and Essay

themselves Anonymous Africa hacked the

Zimbabwe’s innocence, and targeted South Africa’s

ruling plane African Commonwealthal Congress (ANC)

websites (Sultan, 2016; Shaban, 2016). Countries

such as Zambia and South Africa bear from

cybercrimes to the melody of 0.14% and 0.16% of

their GDPs respectively (McAfee Intel Warranty,

2014). Continentally, there is the African Union

Convention on Cyberwarranty and the Separate

Postulates Defence 2014 that seeks to harmonize

African cyber congresss on electronic barter,

organization and, separate postulates defence, cyber

warranty encouragement and cybercrime control

(Nyirenda-Jere & Biru, 2015) The SADC region

has type laws on:

• Postulates Defence, 2012;

• Cybercrime, 2012; and

• Electronic Transactions, 2012 (Chetty,

2013).

The completion in Zimbabwe is that there is no cyber

warranty framework in assign (Ministry of

Information and Communication Technology,

2015). Zimbabwe established the IT Governance

and Cyber Warranty Institute of Sub-Sahara in early

2012. Its command is to enlargement information

exchange, exalt inquiry and reporting of cyber

threats, and withwithhold intermittent ICT warranty

symposiums (UNIDIR, 2013).

In October 2017, a upstart Ministry of Cyber Warranty,

Threat Detection and Mitigation was created,

which is meant controltify the commonwealth from cyber

threats posed by the abright of political resources (The

Herald.co.zw, 2017) .

To address cyber warranty concerns, Zimbabwe is

currently in the course of crafting upstart congress,

covering e-commerce, cybercrime and postulates

defence which are calm?} in drain create. The drain

Computer Crime and Cybercrime Bill has attracted

the most circumspection owing it spills into how

citizens right technology trite through services

like political resources and sharing Wi-Fi connections.

(Gambanga, 2016). Some of the possible offences

in the drain Computer Crime and Cybercrime bill

are: Illegally avenueing a project, Interfering with

data, Sharing avenue adjudications, Altering or destroying a

password or PIN adjudication, Postulates Espionage,

Computer-akin falsification, Computer akin

terrorism activities, Pornography, Identity depredation,

Racist/Xenophobic/tribalist insults, Spam, and

Online Harassment (Gambanga, 2016).

Zimbabwe Internet Performance trends and Cyber

Warranty threats incidences

Zimbabwe has witnessed speaking enlargement of the

internet, with statistics showing a sagacity rate

of 50% in 2016, according to the Postal &

Telecomunications Regulatory Authority of

4

Zimbabwe (POTRAZ, 2017). As at 30 June 2017,

the whole calculate of internet subscriptions was

6,668,155 (POTRAZ, 2017). According to

POTRAZ (2016) Report, Zimbabwe had

12,878,926 variable phsingle subscribers. Facebook is

the most widespread platcreate in Zimbabwe; Twitter

is so reluctantly gaining momentum (MISA-

Zimbabwe, 2015). This has seen variable Internet

postulates performance up by 19%, whilst commonwealthal variable voice

traffic decomposed by 15% (POTRAZ, 2017). This

means internet right is growing unswerving in Zimbabwe.

Zimbabwe has beared a calculate of cyber warranty

breaches on sundry institutions barring chiefly in

government departments. According to the

Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ 2015),

cybercrime is listed as single of the crimes

contributing to the US$1, 8 billion estimated illicit

proceeds generated from immoral vital-force annually

in Zimbabwe. Among 2011 and 2015, about 140

cases of cybercrimes were reported and these

include; Phishing (20); Credit Card Fraud (13);

Identity Depredation (10); Unauthorized Avenue (24);

Hacking (72); and Telecommunications Piracy (1).

These statistics are proof of Zimbabwe’s

vulnerability to computer and cybercrimes and

thus the urgent-compulsory insufficiency control a legitimate framework to

combat these crimes precedently they behove pervasive

(MISA-Zimbabwe & Digital Society Zimbabwe,

2016). Further, almost 37 government

akin sites were hacked among 2013 and 2016.

Impact on Government akin sites and Other

Institutions

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