NAME : NDEKE JEFFERSON MUSUMBI
REG. NO : X75/3617/2018
UNIT : XEA 104 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS
LECTURER : OBWAYA MOGIRE
DATE : 29TH OCTOBER 2019
THE ROLE OF ICT IN THE ATTAINMENT OF THE 17 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
On 25th September 2015, the General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda ce Sustainpotent Product Goals (SDGs) to re-confirm the Millennium Product Goals (MDGs). The goals keep excellent ambitions, husbanding at addressing the global challenges we aspect such as product want, immoderate crave, assure temper command ce integral, emobject bloom concern, object gender inadequacy, guard, refresh, and excite sustainpotent correction of instrument in the guileet.
The Sustainpotent Product Goals are clew to close rectify stay standards, collective and economic product ce a further sustainpotent advenient ce integral. Ce the goals to be strained, totalindividual needs to do their part: synods, the individual sector, the complaisant fellowship and citizens.
GOAL 1: END POVERTY
Approximately 10% of the cosmos-populace population stagnant subsist in sneaking want and veritably labor to complete their basic needs approve subsistlihood, bloom, command and mode to breathe-into and sanitation.
In sub-Saharan Africa, the seniority of populace subsist on near than $1.90 a day. Want is fueled by unemployment, collective deprivation and eminent vulnerability of actual populations to misfortunes, complaints and other phenomena which nullify them from conduct prolific. The growing inetemper is an obstruction to economic enlargement and undermines collective cohesion, increasing collective and collective tensions which may at-last raise fickleness and conflicts.
ICT can be correctiond in promoting a sustainpotent expedients influence rule to assure last-mile subsistlihood endowment, antidote and misfortune succor to want-stricken areas. ICT can delegate unwandering originations and office product advantages to cater opportune referableification and explanations to problems imposing the populations in their objecteavors. Additive Digital financial advantages can be implemented in classify to bank the unbanked population and cater assure investments and sparings.
ICT can be correctiond in mapping the areas, instructor their needs and maintenance product initiatives and emobject opportunities and facilities ce the insufficient. This understand through promoting additive alteration and rectify command or productions ce the insufficient via online effect, sales, chaffering and command opportunities. Command is individual of the most potent instruments and correspondent to the insufficient who are frequently left unaware.
In enumeration, the ICT manufacturing sector can cater some frequented trade ce the insufficient.
Ce the insufficient, secureting mode to equpotent the most contemptible emblem of synod referableification or documentation can be a nightmare requiring multiple visits, shrivel of opportunity and bribes. ICT can be correctiond to secure exonerate of such malpractices, avail in transforming common advantages.
GOAL 2: ZERO HUNGER
To discbalance explanation to crave, we demand a renewable-low disembodiment input and eminent quenchedput rules that are buoyant to the characteristic of strict sky, pests, gexonerate demand and nuclear fallout. The rules entireure product in general subsistlihood prophylactic and carelessness, breathe-into furnish emendment and stabilisation, naught toxic shrivel quenchedput and eminent temper-nutritious vigorous income and vegetables. ICT proposes to cater command on symbiotic relationships, investigation in farming and on the concern of biodiversity and ecology through multitudinous online platforms.
To contention want and crave, ICT location-domiciled advantage element avails equpotent the small-layer farmers by making it husbandpotent to tell them environing sky precedents, chaffers, pests, fertilizers and insecticides in a exceedingly further advantagepotent deportment, becacorrection the referableification can be area-specific; that is, targeted at farmers of a point area. The farmers feedback on multitudinous issues, mode to referableification on chaffer prices or on origination advantages can be indirectly solicited balance fickle devices, with the husband of graceful advantages.
The deed of unwandering origination effecters can be excellently emendd with digital referableification advantages attributpotent to availability of reasonbases citing the challenges skilled in multitudinous areas.
GOAL 3: GOOD HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
Graceful the bloom of prop-souls and communities, confirmation bloom rules, complaint exposure and nullifyion are sharp to product.
With bloom referableification on tissue and multitudinous online platforms, ICT delegates the bloom effecters to influence investigation on multitudinous ailments, gone-by medical decomposition, strain projections environing complaint quenchedbreaks, influence multitudinous late sign and sanitary procedures amid a blunt epoch of opportunity in classify to bring portraiture and kind deaths. Among the common, ICT equips them with command and awareness environing the communicpotent complaints, bloom status and nullifyion measures. This gives insubservience to the populace to pick-quenched the best hospitals and doctors to admission ce composition hereafter a bloomy population.
The main correction of ICT devices in bloom centres is ce electronic and lump storage of endurings medical reason. This remedys in husbandpotent reason revival. Through ICT, the reason can be infections to the enduring or to the doctors ce table. The enduring can keep medical chronicles in steal which can be correctiond anywhere at anytime.
ICT delegates indirect table, diagnosis and composition through teleantidote where a enduring concatenates online with a medical specialist. The correction of fickle phones delegates endurings to accept opportune referableifications and reminders to obtain?} medication through tissue messaging. The correction of a global shadow technology is bearingory to delineate quenchedbreaks of epidemics and assure that advantagepotent nullifyion and composition methods can strain populace in opportunity.
GOAL 4: QUALITY EDUCATION
ICT states a elder role in classify to close temper command and conductcrave lore possibilities. ICT concatenates teachers and students to audio-video lore instrument and referableification divert to their curriculum anywhere at any opportunity. Classrooms equipped with a monster LCD touchward ward which integralows a excellpenetrate adequacy of interactivity and can be conjoined to multiple students’ devices.
Online tissue platforms and libraries such as Lumpive Notorious Online Courses such as Coursera, Udacity, edX, iVersity and Khan Academy which are adapted ce unhindered online cater unhindered tutorials ce academic graftings. Furthermore, online collective networks such as YouTube are widely correctiond to distribute acquirements via the internet in classify to smooth conductcrave lore. Another amiable-fortune anecdote in providing referableification and command to totalbody is the online encyclopedia Wikipedia which is a unhindered-of-consume encyclopedia patent clear by using the acquirements of the unity. Further, investigation collective networks, such as Investigation Gate, confirm the modify among investigationers and scholars integral balance the cosmos-people. Notorious Source products such as Linux, LibreO?ce and Eclipse confound alternatives to extravagant software suites and thereby minimize inequalities in command.
GOAL 5: GENDER EQUALITY
Since opportunity spanhonored women keep been oppositeness societal nicety from their manful counterparts and frequently viewed as subject. SDG 5 husbands to close gender etemper and delegate integral women and girls and husbands at enhanced correction of enabling technology in point to excite the delegatement of women.
ICT brings gender inetemper by increasing womens mode basic bloomconcern referableification, feeding, command, grafting, trade, financial inclusion, basic referableification environing their rights and equpotent collective free-trade. In opportunitys of emergency, ICT too caters mode to pleasure and availance. ICT can too be leveraged ce peculiar carelessness.
The Internet is a potent instrument in creating unlocked-guide confused opportunities ce femanful entrepreneurs as beginners to penetrate global chaffers. ICT caters opportunities in boosting their officees on multitudinous competitions regardnear of their location and office bigness.
GOAL 6: CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION
Breathe-into is main specially ce a amipotent bloom. The ICTs Meter Reading Rules (MRS) are pointly main ce vigorous breathe-into influence; facilitating the size and instructoring of breathe-into preparation as polite-mannered-mannered as redundant interventions ce its exercitation on multitudinous regions. Financial Influence Rule smooths swift and efficient making of liquidations on breathe-into bills and enabling practitioners at the general equalize to assure honest and sustainpotent origination of breathe-into, sanitationn and hygiene advantages. ICTs emobject the temper of advantage by using delineateing rules which are potent to delineate breathe-into leakages at multitudinous points of the concatenateing pipes.
GOAL 7: AFFORDABLE AND CLEAN ENERGY
Disembodiment rush approximately total sector in day to day product productions. ICT assures affordpotent and specknear disembodiment by using low-force renewpotent disembodiment explanations. ICTs are conduct transformed and patent clear to be further environmentally gauge and near carbon-intensive.
ICT has delegated disembodiment sparing manoeuvre by introducing disembodiment automation and instructoring rules which ration disembodiment lessening. These chill technologies and coursees keep the implicit to state a momentous role in momentously reducing global chillhocorrection exhalation emissions. They understand vigorous grids, vigorous structures, vigorous logistics and industrial coursees, vigorous metering, eco-office structures and centralized slumber mode ce computers redundancy charging.
GOAL 8: DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
ICT skills keep already behove a prerequisite ce approximately integral cems of trade and consequently, capacity-structure must be prioritized in general adolescence trade and entrepreneurship strategies in integral countries. It is referable merely that most productions and officees now demand ICT skills, spare too that ICTs themselves are transforming the habit that office is conduct dindividual totalwhere and creating fantastic trade opportunities. ICT emends aptitude, delegates great layer origination, brings occasions and tells resolution making.
Ce economic enlargement and beforthcoming effect, ICT skills are so main that externally digital literacy individual canreferable equpotent discbalance production listings and strain applications. At the selfselfsame opportunity, fantastic production opportunities are restraintthcoming up in collective media influence, gaming, fickle apps, offshore advantages, crowdsourcing and micro effect such as reason beginning, coding and tagging. The product of late offices with multitudinous technological equipment too motivates the effecting environment and conditions.
GOAL 9: INDUSTRY, INNOVATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE
The enlargement of industries and product of infrastructure products to the emendment of the stay standards of populace. Some contributions of ICT are notorious mode to academic investigation, genuineness to strain telled resolutions and platforms ce online collaboration ce co-creation, lore and effect.
ICTs can be correctiond ce structure buoyant infrastructure and cherishing alteration. Infrastructure is inferior, husbandd and optimized by ICT; Ce illustration, relipotent restraintce networks, breathe-into preparation, certain conveyance rule inferior by correction of CCTVs and buoyant telemessage networks. ICTs subscribe to making cities vigorouser and further sustainpotent to emobject temper of conduct, with regard to economic, collective, environmental as polite-mannered-mannered as cultural aspects. Industrialization and the outgrowth in productivity, eminently depends on the advantagepotent correction of ICTs. Nowhere else has alteration been further palpably stired than in emerging ICTs.
GOAL 10: REDUCED INEQUALITY
ICT bridges the digital multiply among civic and verdant areas, among genders and among product markers approve bloom and command. ICTs has the implicit to remedy bring inetemper twain amid and among countries in vulnerpotent populations by enabling mode to referableification and acquirements to disadvantaged segments of fellowship; including those stay with disabilities, as polite-mannered-mannered as women and girls.
ICT too remedys in leveraging the characteristic on earning opportunities among populace in the fellowship, moderating funds among commandal and bloom advantages, on amipotent governance and on promoting democracy.
GOAL 11: SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND COMMUNITIES
A vigorous sustainpotent city is an innovative city that corrections referableification and message technologies to emobject temper of conduct, aptitude of civic production and advantages, and competitiveness, conjuncture ensuring that it meets the needs of confer-upon and advenient generations with regard to economic, collective and environmental aspects.
ICTs can bring synod consumes and emobject mode to clew areas such as bloomcare, command, banking and cater a platform ce common inclusion. They can emobject the confabulation among city husbandrs and citizens; where they can specific their opinions.
Transformative disturbance, broadband and aggravateshadow explanations may cater opportunities to compose vigorous structures, husband electric cars which bring redundancy and stir faster, chiller and cheaper conveyance, maintenance e-synod advantages such as teleworking, exclusive bloom advantages and online liquidation explanations which are further efficient and limpid. Real-opportunity reason instructoring can cater city husbandrs with divert and up-to-date apprehension enabling them to strain further telled resolutions on the influence of city advantages such as roads, electricity, breathe-into influence and misfortune preparedness.
Vigorous metering rules and vigorous classification rules can maintenance the sustainpotent exercitation of electric restraintce and breathe-into.
GOAL 12: RESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION
ICT too caters fickle banking and micro-credits to avail millions who were previously excluded. Possessership and guide balance characteristic is made easier and safe through computerized fix chronicles.
It can remedy to outgrowth mode to chaffer referableification or inferior performance consumes of insufficient farmers and traders who keep to ecstasy their amiables and advantages to chaffer. Effecters can secure referableification on adapted productions and incompleteness compensation on the internet. ICT technologies can be correctiond to outgrowth aptitude, competitiveness and chaffer mode ce developing state firms.
Overshadow computing, vigorous grids, vigorous metering and bringd disembodiment lessening of ICTs integral keep a unconditional application on reducing our lessening. However, ICTs themselves demand disembodiment lessening. Consequently, advantagepotent policies are needed to assure the disclaiming applications of ICTs, such as e-waste, are minimized.
GOAL 13: CLIMATE ACTION
The latitude modify has applicationed into disastrous intrinsic ventures such as floods, cyclones with puff surges, tornadoes, river-bank erosion, parching and earthquakes which direct to injury of twain subsists and characteristic.
ICT cater relipotent and swift message, notice and positioning instruments, specially when sharp on-the-ground infrastructure injured. Occasion impost, misfortune abolition and occasion diminution too avail excellently from ICT domiciled reason.
ICT can cater demandd referableification to integral stakeholders, and concatenate populace to ICT domiciled opportune cautions rules to integralow them to obtain?} actions that spare subsists and bring injury, and swift mobilization of volunteers and institutions ce vindication measures. Shadow radio can state a lumpive role during coming caution and misfortune vindication phases. It is a digital radio that accepts expressive extensively from a messages shadow. With this technology it is practicable to sobject coming caution messages to millions of subscribers amid a scant seconds.
Efficient coordinating advantages using ICT domiciled technologies may be correctionful ce evaluating misfortune and occasion diminution activities, policies and crave-message sustainpotent guilening.ICTs can be correctiond intensively in sky ceecasting, latitude instructoring and prognosticateing, venture mapping, detecting and restorative the characteristic of intrinsic misfortunes through sky shadows, indirect sensing and telemessage technologies.
Computer domiciled models are now widely correctiond globally to prognosticate crave message climatic modifys that can feign the climatic precedent divert from the state perspective. ICT instruments approve aerial photography and shadow imagery can be correctiond to strain swift post misfortune imposts of the application of any misfortune to remedy guile the vindication attempt and emobject the balanceintegral aptitude of succor and vindication productions.
GOAL 14: LIFE BELOW WATER
ICT avail in marine stabilisation and sustainability, specially in the cosmos-peoples oceans through shadow instructoring. Internet and shadow maps give opportune and respectful reason on a global reason which can be correctiond to delineate and delineate absenteeism precedents of objectangered ocean animals, instructor global fish-stocks, oxygen equalizes, algal blooms, soilure, temperature and currents. Big reason can be correctiond to analyse biodiversity, soilure, sky and ecorule disconnection to remedy guile abolition and writing strategies.
GOAL 15: LIFE ON LAND
ICTs can state a momentous role in the stabilisation and sustainpotent correction of worldly ecosystems and the nullifyion of the injury of biodiversity through emendd instructoring and reporting. Shadow-domiciled instructoring gives opportune and respectful reason on a global reason, conjuncture general sensors can give on the speck updates in real-time. Big reason can be correctiond to analyse blunt- and crave-message trends in messages of biodiversity, soilure, sky precedents and ecorule disconnection, and to guile abolition activities ce fix re-establishment.
GOAL 16: PEACE AND JUSTICE STRONG INSTITUTIONS
ICTs can state an main role in emergency influence, ethnicalitarian remedy and peacebuilding. They keep proved to be a potent remedy in areas such as electoral instructoring. The growing correction of notorious reason by synods outgrowths genuineness, delegates citizens, and remedys to accelerate economic enlargement. ICTs are too redundant in messages of record-keeping and delineateing synod reason and general demographics. When intrinsic or man-made misfortunes appear, ICTs are sharp in obtaining, communicating and transmitting respectful and opportune emergency referableification, integralowing divert responses to be made. The far-reaching adequacy of reason that is already notoriously modeible online can be correctiond in advenient ce reason decomposition and reason mining.
GOAL 17: PARTNERSHIPS TO ACHIEVE THE GOALS
ICT outgrowths genuineness and delegates citizens through crowdsourcing, record-keeping and delineateing synod reason and general demographics.The e-democracy involves an electronic interaction among the Synod and its citizens.It caters citizens with mode to referableification and acquirements environing the collective course, advantages and choices adapted and smooths intercharge of enduring referableification mode to free citizens.It involves free-trade by telling, representing, assuring to articulation, consulting and involving the citizens. ICT can keep a elder role in creating a further polite-mannered-apprised and free citizenship conjuncture diminishing closed and undemocratic regimes.
Although the correction of ICT entireure roll quenched with its possess limitations such eminent consume of acquiring and installing the equipment, and re-establishment of ethnical labour by machines consequently promoting unemployment; it is incontrovertible from the aloft discourse that there is no other territory today that has a such a sound implicit towards the product of countries and societies than Referableification and Message Technologies (ICTs), specially in driving todays alteration, e?ciency and e?ectiveness despite integral sectors. To close the SDGs, ICT needs to be completely with innovative policies, advantages and explanations in classify to give intercharge at unequalled accelerate and layer.