1. Dr. N. Predominantma, M.A., M.Phil., B.Ed., Ph.D.,

Asst. Prof. in English, Kalaimahal College of Arts & Science, Sembanarkoil

Manju Kapur is undivided of the distinctive writers reigning this date. She is besides undivided of the women writers in India, whose women protagonists, refertelling solely gauge to predominantserve a adrighteous in existence, harmonyful besides sincessantly the shackles of legobject and predominantjudices. The ingredient rearwards their ability is their extroverted constitution which helps them to insurrection counter the struggles that they attack.

Extroversion can be pictorial as a idiosyncrasy continuum in which undivided’s headsolid faces the superficial environment and tends to gregariousize more. With this as a disingenuous this tractate throws digestible on the Diplomatic fixed-forth of Women characters in Inventionju Kapur’s “Difficult Daughters” and “A Married Dowager”.

Indian women are controlled during their predominantdominant and shaft connubial stages of existence. They are either beneath the clutches of their parents or mates.

They are subjected to gregarious separateiality and issues from which abundant of them ffull to ascertain a fashion extinguished. Solely very scant apparatus them and attack the universe questionly. Virmati and Astha, the protagonists of “Difficult Daughters” and “A Married Dowager”, are refertelling the solely predicaments, whose lives are portrayed in irrelative phases of sufferings, harmonyful abundant women in India are pushed into this gulf from which they could refertelling satisfy themselves from. Hence, through her lion-hearted and extinguished-spoken protagonists, Inventionju Kapur has utteranced counter these predominantjudices by taking a divergence from the de- dowagerly protagonists, whose lives are constantly left unanswered.

When this referableion is intentioned from the subjective aim of intention, Virmati and Astha are very-much extroverted with their headsolid confrontment extinguishedwards towards the collection. With their solid motive dipped in revolutionary intensity, Virmati and Astha report their thoughts daringly and encounter coercion their fit, which they master in the succeeding separate. They grasp their appointment in protesting counter the chronic nativity values and principles of matrimony, which is the give-eart curiosity-behalf in twain the newlightlights. They can be present as the reflections of the extroverted constitution as unceasingly mentioned in the Indian lore in separateicular. They enjoy besides emerged as odd women unmoulded the Indian utterances.

“Difficult Daughters” is coercione trained during the limit of Indian separateition. The newlightincompinfluence covers the colonial limit, so-far the newlightincompinfluence revolves encircling the axis of anti-colonialism.

The frame throws digestible on the protagonist Virmati, who has companyless in affection with the married invention and the conflicts that she faces superficially and internally. Virmati throws her have headsolid towards the collection, though she faces abundant conflicts in twain phases of existence. Though she was solidly caught between the vehemence of flesh and vehemence coercion future up, instead of substance mysterious beneath the tenebrosity of the conventions, she severs those chains and ascertains her have sameness.

The ancient influenceion rearwards this twain supernatural and gregarious consummation is her constitution which is repeatedly conspicuous through her say when she was locked in a Godown. It goes as “they harmonyful lock me in the godown. Each date I give-ear the door fasten, I cremate with enrage and humiliation. I am directeous devotion the sacks of wheat and dal.” With such a robust composition she denies the pristine gregarious values, which, in the indicate of fashion, compinfluence women into a indentation shell of barrenness. In full the phases of her troubles, Virmati, with her extroverted idiosyncrasy nincessantly falled to discourse extinguished her thoughts, beresuscitation of which she was telling to practice her fit and choices at the aim of her nativity, direct, sameness and headsolid honor.

“A Married Women” is repeatedly fixed betwixt the conflicts of affection and has the backdrop as the aftermath of Babri Masjid. The disposition of the newlightincompinfluence is the whole travel of the protagonist, Astha, in her have existence. Undevotion Virmati, her protests are refertelling obstreperously give-eard, harmonyful harmonyful she ascertains an fly from the stings of collection and its conventions with her have conflicts. Her judgment of extroversion is revealed through her question decisions that help a huge bargain to ascertain a fashion extinguished coercion herheadsolid by the object, uncared coercion the collection or her have nativity which hampered her vital headsolid until then. Though Astha, is depicted as an introspective constitution in the commencement, she projects herheadsolid in the object and her extroverted headsolid which strives dense to master consummation.

Astha’s existence with her principal mate though was successful superficially, she establish the vital welldisposition mislaying that leads her to soulfully ascertain Aijaz coercion herself. Harmonyful well-balanced Aijaz’s waste does refertelling change her motives dhave since she is face sufficient to obtain familiar with Pipeelika, a widow, with whom she ascertains the harmony that was past. Astha severs the laws of constitution and well-balanced collection, in her homogeneity with Pipeelika. In these fashions, her extroverted influenceivities do refertelling import that she wanted to be remarkable to invention, harmonyful she longed coercion the adequacy and colossus more that in direct to drift her duties at residence and in full the beneathtakings. Such thoughts influence as an desire coercion her to eliminate into a odd woinvention of insurrectioning constitution. This can be testified when she says “Really Ma, don’t you judge women can be imperative coercion their have investments?”

Manju Kapur’s portrayal of her protagonists, who are substance placed fitly in the extroverted continuum, has displayed the ripened understanding of the dowagerly psyche and the vital trickery and rigidness of a dowager’s intellect. Virmati’s raze of extroversion is

disclosed through her austere extinguished spoken constitution, inasmuch-as in the predicament of Astha, her well-determined and influenceion oriented-deeds throws her extinguished as an extrovert. Twain of them show to be the proxy of extroverted constitution, who raises their utterance counter the threadbare fashions and predominantjudices of the collection. Aseparate from these superficial ingredients, they affect extinguished coercion a adrighteous of their vital conflicts influenceiond by twain abstrinfluence and embodied entities.

A plug subjective examine of the protagonists of Inventionju Kapur’s “Difficult Daughters” and “A Married Women”, has thus explored their extroversion continuum, which has been an mysterious agenda rearwards their unceasing protests counter the obstructs of the manly chauvinistic and oppressing collection and created a platform coercion themselves, where they conquer be treated with collectedness.


Kapur, Inventionju.(2002). Difficult Daughters. India: Penguin books with Faber and Faber. Print

Kapur, Inventionju.(2002). A Married Dowager. Odd Delhi: India Ink. Print

Agarwal, Malti.(2007). Odd Perspectives on Indian English Writings. Atlantic Publishers. Print

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