# Conditions For each situation described below, identify the population and the sample, explain what.

Conditions For each situation described

below, identify the population and the sample, explain what p and pn represent,

and tell whether the methods of this chapter can be used to create a confidence

interval.

a) Police set up an auto checkpoint at

which drivers are stopped and their cars inspected for safety problems. They

find that 14 of the 134 cars stopped have at least one safety violation. They

want to estimate the percentage of all cars that may be unsafe.

b) A TV talk show asks viewers to register

their opinions on prayer in schools by logging on to a website. Of the 602

people who voted, 488 favored prayer in schools. We want to estimate the level

of support among the general public.

c) A school is considering requiring

students to wear uniforms. The PTA surveys parent opinion by sending a

questionnaire home with all 1245 students; 380 surveys are returned, with 228

families in favor of the change.

d) A college admits 1632 freshmen one

year, and four years later, 1388 of them graduate on time. The college wants to

estimate the percentage of all their freshman enrollees who graduate on time.