Bio160 intro to human anatomy and physiology lesson 2 quiz

 

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BIO160
Intro to Human Anatomy and Physiology
Lesson 2 Quiz

 

Each question is 3 points each for a total of 75 points.

As you work through the assessment you may save your work frequently by selecting the SAVE button. Please make sure you have answered all questions prior to submitting. Once submitted, you will not be able to return to this section.

 

1  of 25

Which of the following would not represent the study of physiology?

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Measuring the respiratory rate of a person after a mile sprint.

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Calculating the daily caloric intake of an athlete

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Dissecting the kidney to observe the interior.

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Determining the fasting blood sugar level of a patient.

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Analyzing the EKG of a patient.

2  of 25

Which of the following describes an organ?

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Molecules organized into a living unit

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One or more cells with a specific function

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At least two cell types organized for a specific function

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One tissue type organized for a specific function

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Two or more tissue types organized for a specific function

3  of 25

What organ system has the function of protecting and supporting body organs?

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Muscular

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Nervous

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Skeletal

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Integumentary

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Endocrine

4  of 25

What is the correct anatomical term for the neck area of the human body?

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Cervical

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Patellar

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Axillary

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Coxal

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Lumbar

5  of 25

Place the following in correct sequence from the simplest to most complex:1.molecules2.atoms3.tissues4.cells 5.organs

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1-2-3-4-5

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2-1-4-3-5

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2-1-3-4-5

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1-2-4-3-5

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1-2-4-5-3

6  of 25

What organ is considered part of the digestive system because it is responsible for the breakdown of some food types?

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Liver

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Kidney

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Ovaries

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Pituitary gland

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Spleen

7  of 25

Which of the following is a correct statement about homeostasis?

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The effector sends the stimulus to the control center

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The receptor is enhanced by the control center

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The response causes disease

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The receptor sends the stimulus to the control center

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The control center sends the message to the receptor

8  of 25

What is the process of removal of wastes from the body?

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Digestion

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Excretion

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Metabolism

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Responsiveness

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Inflammation

9  of 25

The human body responds to a lack of supply of oxygen by rapidly producing red blood cells. What is this is an example of?

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Negative feedback mechanism to restore homeostasis

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Positive feedback mechanism to restore homeostasis

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A homeostatic imbalance that will result in disease.

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A response independent of homeostasis

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Negative homeostasis that increases the oxygen supply

10  of 25

What plane divides the body into anterior and posterior sections?

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Sagittal

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Frontal

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Sectional

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Transverse

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Lateral

11  of 25

In anatomical position, the great toe is located on what side of the foot?

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Lateral

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Medial

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Proximal

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Superior

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Distal

12  of 25

A scientific experiment was conducted to assess the effectiveness of a new compound in reducing a high fever. Fifty patients received sugar pills instead of the new compound, and 50 patients were given the new compound. Which of the following statements is true?

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The 50 patients receiving the sugar pills are called the experimental group

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The 50 patients receiving the new compound are called the experimental group

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The independent variable is the temperature

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The measured results would be the amount of compound given

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The control group is the patients receiving the new compound

13  of 25

Which of the following is a correct statement about cells of the human body?

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They do not need oxygen.

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They do not reproduce.

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They are identical in shape and size.

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They specialize in function.

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They contain cell walls.

14  of 25

Cells that are involved in activities requiring excessive energy will have an abundance of what organelle?

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Endoplasmic reticulum

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Chromatin

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Golgi apparatus

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Mitochondria

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Centrioles

15  of 25

What is the formation of a small pocket around a liquid substance by the plasma membrane?

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Pinocytosis

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Phagocytosis

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Passive transport

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Osmosis

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Filtration

16  of 25

What are the cellular extensions that move substances along the cell surface called?

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Flagella

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Microvilla

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Cilia

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Microtubules

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Cytoskeleton

17  of 25

Mitosis results in the formation of which of the following?

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Proteins necessary for survival

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Two daughter nuclei that have the same DNA as the mother nucleus

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Stored energy necessary for cellular functions

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Four daughter cells with half the DNA of the mother nucleus.

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Four centrioles

18  of 25

Which of the following is a function of a plasma membrane protein?

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Circulating antibody

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Molecular transport through the membrane

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To form a lipid bilayer

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Oxygen transport

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Chromatin storage

19  of 25

What are the four major tissue types?

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Connective, cartilage, muscle and bone

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Bone, muscle, epithelia, nervous

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Bone, muscle, connective, epithelia

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Epithelia, muscle, nervous, connective

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Epithelia, muscle, blood, nervous

20  of 25

Which of the following describes epithelial tissue?

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It is highly vascular.

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It has a basement membrane.

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It is usually acellular.

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It contains a number of neuron types.

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It does not regenerate.

21  of 25

Which of the following describes DNA synthesis?

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Nucleotides separate into three different codons.

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DNA uncoils and separates into 2 nucleotide chains.

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DNA clumps and forms a double helix.

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DNA replicates during metaphase.

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DNA leaves the nucleus through the nuclear pores.

22  of 25

The shape of the external ear is maintained by what tissue?

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Adipose tissue

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Elastic cartilage

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Hyaline cartilage

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Stratified squamous tissue

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Smooth muscle

23  of 25

Thyroid glands secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts. What is this kind of gland called?

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Exocrine

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Endocrine

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Sebaceous

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Ceruminous

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Mammary

24  of 25

What is the first step in tissue repair?

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Replacement of destroyed tissue by the same kind of cells

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Proliferation of fibrous connective tissue

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Inflammation

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Formation of scar tissue

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Repair of blood vessels

25  of 25

What is scar tissue?

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Weakly woven reticular fibers

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Dense connective tissue

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Granulation tissue

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Regenerated epithelial tissue

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A tangle of damaged nerve fibers

 

 

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