1. Define efficiency and effectiveness , and compare and contrast the two. 2. Why is it important to

1. Define efficiency and effectiveness, and compare and contrast
the two.

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2. Why is
it important to focus on the effectiveness of a decision, not necessarily the
efficiency of making a decision?

3. What
are some of the measures of effectiveness in a toy manufacturing plant, a
restaurant, an educational institution, and the U.S. Congress?

4. Even
though implementation of a decision involves change, and change management is
very difficult, explain how change management has not
changed very much in thousands of years. Use
specific examples throughout history.

 

Q5;

1. Despite
the advances in ADM methods and tools, why should we still insist that a human
being be responsible for every decision?

2. Why
should all information system development projects focus on some aspect of
decision making in practice?

3. Your
company is considering opening a branch in China. List typical activities in
each phase of the decision (intelligence, design, choice, implementation) of
whether to open a branch.

4. You are
about to sell your car. What principles of choice are you most likely to use in
deciding whether to offer or reject offers? Explain.

5. You are
about to buy a car. Using Simon’s four-phase model, describe your activities at
each step.